Education is a very important factor in the economic development of any country. India since the early days of independence has always focused on improving the literacy rate in our country. Even today the government runs many programs to promote Primary and Higher Education in India.
Education in India
Education in India means the process of teaching, learning, and training human capital in schools and colleges. This improves and increases knowledge and results in skill development hence enhancing the quality of the human capital. Our government has always valued the importance of education in India and this is reflected in our economic policies.
The mode of teaching in India’s education system during past years was Sanskrit. With changing times and modern equipment, Education In India experienced a drastic change. The Current Education System In India emphasizes fostering qualities like confidence, good practices, sympathy, and imagination. It is a complete blend of culture, history, and human values.
The Stages of School System In India
In India, after the preschool stage, the school system starts from class nursery all the way to twelfth. Students must study all subjects such as English, Hindi, Maths, science, and human values. After class, they can opt for either arts or commerce, or science as per their interest. Those that are understudies, they need to generally gain proficiency with a typical educational plan until the finish of secondary school and learn three dialects, in particular, English, Hindi, and their first language.
Elementary Education in India
In comparison to expenditure done on elementary education and higher education, the major share was grabbed by elementary education. On the contrary, expenditure per student on higher education was higher than that of elementary education.
As the expansion of school education is going on, we need more trained teachers who have studied at educational institutes.
To improve the Current Education System In India, the Government of India came up with National Education Policy (NEP), 2020. It brought a few significant reforms at both the school and college levels. The following are its impact on Education In India:-
- It aims at achieving a 100% gross enrollment ratio in school education by 2030.
- A new higher education governing body will be established. It will work to improve and innovate India’s teaching and learning system.
- The new education policy further aims at making all higher education institutions multidisciplinary by 2040. This means students can take up any course of their interest and skills.
- An undergraduate student will have multiple exit options. A college will provide a degree to students after completing one year of study. However, this is applicable only to diplomas and not to degree courses.
- Now schooling age will be 3 rather than 6. This will aid students to complete their schooling early and save their year from waste.
Educational Achievement in India
The Indian government considers education as a key area where drastic growth and development are required. So various future prospects have been considered and policies are drafted. The vision is to ensure that education in India is of the highest quality and available to the whole population without discrimination.
Education for all
Though the education level has increased for both youth as well as adults, still the number of illiterates is as much as the population was at the time of independence. The constituent assembly passed the Constitution of India in the year 1950. Free and compulsory education for children till 14 years of age within 10 years from the commencement of the constitution was noted as a Directive Principle of the constitution. The following are the factors which make education for all a dream:
- Gender bias
- Low rural access
- An increasing number of illiterates
- Low expenditure on education by the government
In short, India has an openly supported education and development sector, the third biggest on the planet, close to the United States and China. It is clear that the Current Education System In India is more theory-oriented than job-oriented. It focuses more on theory and exams. However, with the new education policy, there has been a drastic change in the education system in India as the division of stages has been made to conform to the mental development that a youngster experiences typically. It has become more vibrant and skill-oriented.
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